The extant members of this group are: dromedary camels, Bactrian camels, wild Bactrian camels, llamas, alpacas, vicuñas, and guanacos. They have been important for transport, but were also kept for wool, meat and milk. Camelids are even-toed ungulates classified in the order. The llama and alpaca were very important for the South American cultures, like the Inka.

The camels were used by people in north Africa and Asia, especially in deserts.

Lambayeque region, stone carvings, silver pendants and figurines and various textiles made from camelid hair, the items illustrate important concepts in Andean cosmology, the principles of duality, reciprocity and integration of infrastructure and spirituality. Diversity of Living Camelids. The Camelidae (camels and relatives) are sufficiently distinct from other families in the mammal order Artiodactyla that they are placed in their own suborder, Tylopoda (padded foot).

This suborder includes only the family Camelidae, which is divided into two tribes, the Camelini and Lamini. There are four groups of South American camelids , each with its own unique characteristics, which offer fibres that help to enhance the rich tradition of Peruvian textiles. They are alpaca, llama, guanaco and vicuña.

Camelid kidneys are reniform and not grossly lobulated.

Ureteral and bladder anatomy is conventional. The female urethra is also conventional and exits through the urethral tubercle on the dorsal aspect of the suburethral diverticulum. The penile urethra is long and narrow.

Male camelids have a dorsal urethral recess at . The South American camelids species, the llama, alpaca, vicuna and guanaco. Camelid definition, any two-toed ruminant of the family Camelidae, including the camels, llamas, and vicunas. Genomic research into the evolutionary history of camelid species and the unusual adaptations of camels to arid-desert environments has been limite although recent studies have focused on the divergence time between the ancestors of the Bactrian camel and cattle, genomic single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) rates, . The website of the British Veterinary Camelid Society.

For veterinary surgeons treating camelid patients. Vet Clin North Am Food Anim Pract. Margiocco ML(1), Scansen BA, Bonagura JD. The sculpture was made from the now fossilized remains of the sacrum of an extinct camelid. A camelid is a member of the Camelidae family—think camels, llamas, and alpacas.

The sacrum is the large triangular bone at the base of the spine. Holes were cut into the end of the bone to represent nostrils, and the bone is also .

Take excellent care of your camelids. WSU offers a wide range of services for all camelids. Llamas, alpacas as well as cervids (animals in the deer family, from within the State of Washington) are diagnosed and treated for a wide range of disorders.

The camelid program is composed of three sections: Clinical Service, Education and Research.