Metaldehyde is an organic compound with the formula (CH3CHO)4. It is commonly used as a pesticide against slugs, snails, and other gastropods. It is the cyclic tetramer of acetaldehyde.
This neurotoxicant has been associated with poisoning in a variety of domestic and wildlife species, although most poisonings have been reported in . Restricted Use materials may be purchased and used only by certified applicators.
All product labels must include the following statement on the front panel, This pesticide may be fatal to dogs or other pets if eaten. Keep pets out of treated areas (18). Products containing metaldehyde must bear the signal word Caution or . METALDEHYDE International Programme on Chemical Safety Poisons Information Monograph 3Chemical 1. Identification numbers 1. It is metabolized and does not build up in the body. Despite their popularity, slug pellets are one of the least effective methods of slug control, killing no more than of the slug population in the average garden.
However, they do pose a real hazard to other wildlife, pets and even young children.
Definition of metaldehyde – a solid made by polymerizing acetaldehyde, used in slug pellets and as a fuel for portable stoves. Florida Department of Health. FACS, State Surgeon General. For Controlling Snails and Slugs.
The primary ingredient used to control slugs and snails is metaldehyde. Toxicity manifestation in dogs usually occurs within a minute to hour time period. Growers applying metaldehyde slug pellets are now required to implement a minimum 10m buffer zone alongside watercourses and all field boundaries. These prod- ucts are often used around gardens in the southern.
United States, Pacific coast, and Hawaiian Islands where snails and slugs are more prevalent. Snail bait represents a major risk for dogs and cats and is a more common source of poisoning than you may expect. The con- centration of metaldehyde is . Snail and slug bait products, which typically contain the active ingredient metaldehyde , are available as a pellet, liqui or powder. In order to attract snails and slugs molasses or brown sugar is added. Pesticide properties for metaldehyde , including approvals, environmental fate, eco-toxicity and human health issues.
Find product specific information including CAS, MSDS, protocols and references. Water UK considers that reducing the overall amount of slug pellets containing metaldehyde applied to land will be the most beneficial way of significantly reducing the risk of treated water metaldehyde exceedances. Water UK recognises that voluntary mechanisms delivered through local collaboration and.
Following oral ingestion, maximal concentrations in the circulation and tissues can be attained within 1–3h. It is a relatively common poisoning seen in veterinary practice. All animals are susceptible and as little as teaspoon per 4. Source Snail, slug, or rat poison, or ingestion of a poisoned snail, slug, or rat. General Information Symptoms tend to start showing within minutes to hours of ingestion, as the metaldehyde is metabolized to acetaldehyde.
Slug and snail baits generally contain three percent metaldehyde and products are formulated as blue or green colored . Good choice for integrated control programmes, BUT residues in water supplies. Methiocarb – kills slugs but also kills ground beetles and some earthworms. Iron phosphate pellets ( formulation) are recent . Contamination of surface waters due to run-off, coupled with its moderate solubility in water, has led to increased concentration of the . I can tell you from personal experience that they taste quite sweet, .