The name comes from the Greek words φυτόν ( phyton), meaning plant, and πλαγκτός (planktos), meaning wanderer or drifter. Most phytoplankton are buoyant and float in the upper part of the ocean, where sunlight penetrates the water. Derived from the Greek words phyto (plant) and plankton (made to wander or drift ), phytoplankton are microscopic organisms that live in watery environments, both salty and fresh.

Phytoplankton also require inorganic nutrients such as nitrates, . Some phytoplankton are bacteria, some are protists, and most are single-celled plants.

Among the common kinds are . Microscopic plant-like organisms called phytoplankton are the base of the marine food web, and they play a key role in removing carbon dioxide from the air. Like land vegetation, phytoplankton uses carbon dioxide, releases oxygen, and converts minerals to a form animals can use. In fresh water, large numbers of green algae often colour lakes and ponds, and cyanobacteria may affect . There are rumors out there on the Internet and beyond that marine phytoplankton supplements are useless or even worse, dangerous. That they can be harmful to your health. Marine phytoplankton is an incredibly nutritious microalgae.

All marine life depend on phytoplankton.

What can this superfood do for you? Micro-algae like Spirulina and Chlorella are well known for their health and detoxification benefits, but another ancient micro-algae, specifically certain strains of marine phytoplankton , can be hundreds of times more potent and have even more profound benefits. This specialized phytoplankton is probably . New research led by NASA researchers has found populations of the microscopic marine plants. Distribution: Collectively, phytoplankton grow abundantly in oceans around the world. Like all plants, phytoplankton use the pigment chlorophyll to convert sunlight into food.

These, in turn, feed the seals, which feed the bears. Like plants on lan phytoplankton use sunlight and nutrients to produce their own food. Learn how to sneak phytoplankton into delicious smoothies and even whip up a phytoplankton mayo recipe to help with immunity, detoxification and more.

Diatoms like this one, Amphiprora sp. These microorganisms that live near the ocean surface and convert carbon dioxide into organic carbon via photosynthesis. They produce much of the oxygen we breathe and are the base of the marine food chain. A new study finds that increased ocean acidification will dramatically affect global populations of phytoplankton : Some species will die out, while others will flourish, which will affect marine food webs.

Zooplankton , which consist of small animals and the larval forms of invertebrates and fish, together with phytoplankton make up the group called plankton. The predominant forms of phytoplankton are diatoms, golden brown algae, green algae, blue green . Inside, the reader will find an extensive database of high-resolution images indicating the characteristic features of a variety of genera and species paired with carefully written descriptions. However, they are no longer classified as plants, so the terminology is showing a historical meaning.

In Part A, you learned that phytoplankton are responsible for bringing carbon dioxide from the atmosphere into the. Also, as they convert inorganic nutrients and . This means they can manufacture their own food using energy from sunlight, producing oxygen as a by-product. They are often referred to as tiny plants because of this ability to photosynthesise, but many species of phytoplankton are more closely related to protists and .