Lignende Oversett denne siden 27. On Tuesday in a ceremony in Rome, the United Nations is officially declaring that for only the second time in history, a disease has been wiped off the face of the earth. The disease is rinderpest. Everyone has heard of smallpox. Very few have heard of the runner-up.

Historically, rinderpest virus was a scourge that wrought economic havoc throughout Africa, Asia, and Europe.

After several decades of success in eradicating rinderpest from Europe, the . Many species of wild and domestic cloven-hoofed animals ( including sheep and goats) show only mild symptoms of the disease when infecte but for cattle and buffalo, mortality rates can reach up to 1per cent in highly susceptible herds. It infects all members of the artiodactyla order (even-toed ungulates). Believed to have originated in Asia, it spread east across . Barrett T(1), Rossiter PB. Author information: (1)Institute for Animal Health, Pirbright Laboratory, Surrey, United Kingdom.

Interestingly rinderpest did not have a dramatic effect on the animals of the invading armies, mainly the Grey Steppe oxen, which were resistant and showed no evidence of disease although they managed to carry the virus. These cattle could produce and shed rinderpest virus for months to start epidemics that devastated .

Cattle that survive rinderpest virus infection have lifelong immunity. Rinderpest : the disease and its impact on humans and animals. Neutralizing antibodies appear 6–days after the onset of clinical signs, and maximum titers are reached during the 3rd and 4th weeks after infection. Eradication is the Holy Grail of disease prevention and has been successful only once before.

Elimination of virus that causes deadly cattle plague makes rinderpest only the second viral disease in history to have been wiped out by humans. Small pox in humans is the only other disease that has achieved the same status. For more information see FAO website. Description: Bovine, oral mucosa. There are numerous small gingival erosions.

Formerly widespread throughout Europe, Asia and Africa, rinderpest has now been limited to fairly well-defined locations in South Asia, the Near East and eastern Africa. This has been achieved through various national and regional rinderpest eradication programmes. Global rinderpest eradication, which is being targeted . Caused by a virus related to the one that causes . RINDERPEST (CATTLE PLAGUE). It is one of the most important diseases that kills livestock.

English dictionary definition of rinderpest. An acute, often fatal, contagious viral disease, chiefly of cattle, characterized by ulceration of the alimentary tract and resulting in diarrhea. Scientists and international organisations are well placed to eliminate another deadly animal disease, PPR.

Kudos to NPRE, which helped us to achieve this. NEW DELHI: India has internationally been declared as free from rinderpest , a fatal viral disease that hits. Next year will mark the fifth anniversary of the declaration by the World Organisation for Animal Health that the world is free of rinderpest. It is a devastating disease of cattle and some wild artiodactyls (African buffalo, giraffe, eland and kudu) with death rates during outbreaks approaching 1per cent. However, potentially infectious rinderpest virus material remains widely disseminated among . Это слово или выражение пока не переведено.

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